Types Of CBD
Different Types of CBD
You may have heard the statement, “not all CBD is created equal.” While it has been used ad nauseam, it still holds some truth.
Whether it’s in safety, processing, or the kind of product, not all CBD you buy is equal. Here are the types of CBD you will come across:
This is an extract that contains the full range of cannabinoids, terpenes, and phytonutrients that occur naturally in the hemp plant.
Full-spectrum is also known as full hemp extract as it contains the whole plant chemical profile. Full-spectrum CBD is obtained when hemp goes through the cannabinoid extraction process and filtration without removing any cannabinoid or chemical compounds.
It contains CBD, 0.3% or less THC, CBG, CBN, CBC among others. The 0.3% THC is too low to cause any psychoactive effects. This means it’s not potent enough to cause the “high” that many people associate with cannabis use.
It is the most effective type of CBD as it delivers the “entourage effect” — a mechanism in which cannabinoids work synergistically to promote a naturally balanced experience.
Several studies have concluded that whole plant extracts have greater medicinal effects than only CBD. This makes full-spectrum CBD your best bet if you want to maximize the benefits of hemp.
This refers to an extract that is extra processed to strip off all the THC. It still delivers the entourage effect but may not be as effective as full-spectrum hemp extract.
Broad-spectrum extract is the middle ground between full-spectrum and CBD isolate. It provides almost the same experience as full-spectrum and the peace of mind offered by the CBD isolates.
Broad-spectrum contains all the cannabinoids present in full-spectrum CBD except THC, all the terpenes, and other chemical compounds found in natural hemp.
Since it contains no THC, broad-spectrum oil is less likely to show up on a drug test looking for THC or its metabolites. This makes it the best option for places where THC is illegal.
Isolates refers to the most processed CBD type, up to 99.9% pure but stripped of all the beneficial cannabinoids, terpenes, and phytonutrients.
This type of CBD is usually available as crystals or powder, although some companies may dissolve it in carrier oil and sell it as CBD oil.
CBD isolate is obtained through the same process as other types at first. The difference is, when the cannabinoids are extracted, CBD is filtered out and taken through additional processing steps that remove all other chemicals, leaving only pure CBD.
This pure concentrate is mainly used for vaping and is preferred by people such as athletes, who may want to stay away from compounds such as THC but still want to enjoy CBD benefits.
The downside with CBD isolate is that you miss out on the benefits of the entourage effect.